title = {Did trade liberalization with China influence US elections?},
journal = {Journal of International Economics},
volume = {139},
pages = {103652},
year = {2022},
issn = {0022-1996},
doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinteco.2022.103652},
url = {https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022199622000848},
author = {Yi Che and Yi Lu and Justin R. Pierce and Peter K. Schott and Zhigang Tao},
keywords = {Trade liberalization, Elections, China},
abstract = {We examine election voting and legislatorsí roll-call votes in the United States over a twenty-five year period. Voters in areas more exposed to trade liberalization with China in 2000 subsequently shift their support toward Democrats, relative to the 1990s, though this boost for Democrats wanes after the rise of the Tea Party in 2010. House membersí votes in Congress rationalize these trends, with Democratic representatives disproportionately supporting protection during the early 2000s. Together, these results imply that voters in areas subject to higher import competition shifted votes toward the party more likely to restrict trade.}